Are you looking to learn namaz according to QURAN and HADEES than you are at right page. ALLAH has made five prayers for Muslims to offer and they all five are farz . The first step to get close to Allah Almighty Is offering five times a day and most important to offer them on their desired times.

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Who believe in the unseen, establish prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them, And who believe in what has been revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what was revealed before you, and of the Hereafter they are certain [in faith]. ( 2:3-4 SURAH BAQARAH )

For many reasons, Allah has stipulated that all Muslims must pray.

1. As a means of selfpurification.

2. Spirituality

3. Take time to remember it (i.e to prevent you from doing something wrong).

4. A source of strength and patience.

5. Bring peace and tranquility to your life.

6. Distinguish between believers and nonbelievers (kafir).

7. As a way to erase your sins and seek forgiveness.

8. Develop good character and discipline.

1)Takbeerat

Want to raise your hands to support your shoulders when you start to pray, when you bow, and when you return to an upright position after bowing.

1: Salim narrated it on the authority of his father who reported: I saw the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) raising his hands apposite the shoulders at the time of beginning the prayer and before bowing down and after coming back to the position after bowing. but he did not raise them between two prostrations. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0758

2: This hadith has been transmitted with the same chain of transmitters by al. Zuhri as narrated by Ibn Juraij (who) said . When the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) stood up for prayer, he raised hands (to the height) apposite the shoulders and then recited takbir. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0759

3: Malik b. Huwairith reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) raised his hands apposite his ears at the time of reciting the takbir (i.e. at the time of beginning the prayer) and then again raised his hands apposite the ears at the time of bowing and when he lifted his head after bowing he said: Allah listened to him who praised Him, and did like it (raised his hands up to the ears). KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0762

4: Abu Qilaba reported that he saw Malik b. Huwairith raising his hands at the beginning of prayer and raising his hands before kneeling down, and raising his hands after lifting his head from the state of kneeling, and he narrated that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to do like this. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0761

2)THE Recounting OF TAKBIR AT THE TIME OF BOWING AND RISING IN Supplication But RISING AFTER RUKU, WHEN IT IS SAID: ALLAH Turned in TO HIM WHO Lauded HIM

1: Abu Huraira reported: When the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) got up for prayer, he would say the takbir (Allah-o-Akbar) when standing, then say the takbir when bowing. then say: “Allah listened to him who praised him,” when coming to the erect position after bowing, then say while standing: “To Thee, our Lord, be the praise”, then recite the takbir when getting down for prostration, then say the takbir on raising his head, then say the takbir on prostrating himself, then say the takbir on raising his head. He would do that throughout the whole prayer till he would complete it, and he would say the takbir when he would get up at the end of two rak’as after adopting the sitting posture. Abu Huraira said: My prayer has the best resemblance amongst you with the prayer of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0765

2: Ibn al-Harith reported: He had heard Abu Huraira say: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) recited takbir on standing for prayer, and the rest of the hadith is like that transmitted by Ibn Juraij (recorded above), but he did not mention Abu Huraira as saying: “My prayer has the best resemblance amongst you with the prayer of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him).” KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0766

3)THE RECITING OF AL-FATIHA IN EVERY RAK’AH OF PRAYER IS OBLIGATORY

1:’Ubada b. as-Samit reported from the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him ): He who does not recite Fatihat al-Kitab is not credited with having observed the prayer. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0771

2: Mahmud b. al-Rabi’, on whose face the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) squirted water from the well, reported on the authority of ‘Ubada b. as- Samit that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said : He who does not recite Umm al-Qur’an is not credited with having observed prayer. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0773

3: Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said : He who said his prayer, but did not recite the opening chapter of al-Kitab, his prayer is incomplete.He repeated it thrice. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0777

3) ARGUMENT OF THOSE WHO SAY THAT HE (THE HOLY PROPHET) DID NOT RECITE BISMILLAH (IN THE NAME OF ALLAH) LOUDLY

1: Anas reported: I observed prayer along with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and with Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman (may Allah be pleased with all of them), but I never heard any one of them reciting Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Rahim loudly. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0786

2: ‘Abda reported: ‘Umar b. al-Khattab used to recite loudly these words: Subhanak Allahumma wa bi hamdika wa tabarakasmuka wa ta’ala jadduka wa la ilaha ghairuka [Glory to Thee, 0 Allah, and Thine is the Praise, and Blessed is Thy Name. and Exalted is Thy Majesty. and there is no other object of worship beside Thee]. Qatada informed in writing that Anas b. Malik had narrated to him: I observed prayer behind the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) and Abu Bakr and Umar and ‘Uthman.They started (loud recitation) with: AI-hamdu lillahi Rabb al-‘A1amin [All Praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds] and did not recite Bismillah ir- Rahman-ir-Rahim (loudly) at the beginning of the recitation or at the end of it. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0788

4) THE TASHAHHUD IN PRAYER

1: ‘Abdullah (b.Mas’ud) said: While observing prayer behind the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) we used to recite: Peace be upon Allah, peace be upon so and so. One day the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said to us: Verily Allah is Himself Peace. When any one of you sits during the prayer. he should say: All services rendered by words, by acts of worship, and all good things are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, 0 Prophet, and Allah’s mercy and blessings. Peace be upon us and upon Allah’s upright servants, for when he says this it reaches every upright servant in heaven and earth (and say further): I testify that there is no god but Allah and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. Then he may choose any supplication which pleases him and offer it. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0793

2: Ibn ‘Abbas reported : The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to teach us tashahbud just as he used to teach us a Sura of the Qur’an, and he would say: All services rendered by, words, acts of worship. and all good things are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, 0 Prophet. and Allah’s mercy and blessings. Peace be upon us and upon Allah’s upright servants. I testify that there is no god but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. In the narration of Ibn Rumb (the words are): “As he would teach us the Qur’an.” KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0798

5) BLESSINGS ON THE PROPHET (MAY PEACE BE UPON HIM) AFTER TASHAHHUD

1: Abdullah b. Zaid-he who was shown the call (for prayer in a dream) narrated it on the authority of Mas’ad al-Ansiri who said: We were sitting in the company of Sa’id b. ‘Ubida when the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) came to us.Bashir b. S’ad said : Allah has commanded us to bless you. Messenger of Allah! But how should we bless you ? He (the narrator) said: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) kept quiet (and we were so much perturbed over his silence) that we wished we had not asked him. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) then said: (For blessing me) say: “0 Allah, bless Muhammad and the members of his household as Thou did’nt bless the members of Ibrahim’s household. Grant favors to Muhammad and the members of his household as Thou didst grant favors to the members of the household of Ibrahim in the world. Thou art indeed Praiseworthy and Glorious”; and salutation as you know. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0803

6) THE RECITING OF TASMI’ (ALLAH LISTENS TO HIM WHO PRAISES HIM), TABMID (O, OUR LORD, FOR THEE IS THE PRAISE), AND TAMIN (AMIN)

1: Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Say Amin when the Imam says Amin, for it anyone’s utterance of Amin synchronises with that of the angels, he will be forgiven his past sins. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0811

2: Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: When the reciter (Imam) utters: “Not of those on whom (is Thine) wrath and not the erring ones,” and (the person) behind him utters Amin and his utterance synchronises with that of the dwellers of heavens, all his previous sins would be pardoned. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0816

7) THE MUQTADI (FOLLOWER) SHOULD STRICTLY FOLLOW THE IMAM IN PRAYER

1: Anas b. Malik reported: The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) fell down from a horse and his right side was grazed. We went to him to inquire after his health when the time of prayer came. He led us in prayer in a sitting posture and we said prayer behind him sitting, and when he finished the prayer he said : The Imam is appointed only to be followed; so when he recites takbir, you should also recite that; when he prostrates, you should also prostrate; when he rises up, you should also rise up, and when he said”Allah listens to him who praises Him,” you should say: “Our Lord, to Thee be the praise,” and when he prays sitting, all of you should pray sitting. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0817

2: ‘A’isha reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) fell ill and some of his Companions came to inquire after his health. The Messenger of Allah (may peace he upon him) said prayer sitting, while (his Companions) said it (behind him) standing. He (the Holy Prophet) directed them by his gesture to sit down, and they sat down (in prayer).After finishing the (prayer) lie (the Holy Prophet) said: The Imam is appointed so that be should be followed, so bow down when lie bows down, and rise rip when he rises up and say (prayer) sitting when he (the Imam) says (it) sitting. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0822

3:Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) saying: The Imamis appointed to be followed. So recite takbir when he recites it, and bow down when he bows down and when he utters: “Allah listens to him who praises Him,” say”O Allah, our Lord forThee be the praise.” And when he prays, standing, you should pray standing .And when he prays sitting, all of you should pray sitting. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0831

7) THE IMAM IS AUTHORISED TO APPOINT ONE AS HIS DEPUTY WHEN THERE IS A VALID REASON FOR IT (FOR EXAMPLE, ILLNESS OR JOURNEY OR ANY OTHER), AND IF AN IMAM LEADS THE PRAYER SITTING AS HE CANNOT DO SO STANDING, HIS FOLLOWERS SHOULD SAY PRAYER STANDING PROVIDED THEY ARE ABLE TO DO IT AND THERE IS AN ABROGATION OF SAYING PRAYER SITTING BEHIND A SITTING IMAM

1: ‘A’isha reported: It was in the house of Maimuna that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) first fell ill. He asked permission from his wives to stay in her (‘A’isha’s) house during his illness. They granted him permission. She (‘A’isha) narrated: He (the Holy Prophet) went out (for prayer) with his hand over al-Fadl b. ‘Abbas and on the other hand there was another person and (due to weakness) his feet dragged on the earth.’Ubaidullah said: I narrated this hadith to the son of ‘Abbas (‘Abdullah b. ‘Abbas) and he said: Do you know who the man was whose name ‘A’isha did not mention? It was ‘Ali. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0833

2: Abu Musa reported: When the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) became ill and illness became serious he ordered Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer. Upon this ‘A’isha said: Messenger of Allah, Abd Bakr is a man of tenderly feelings: when he would stand in your place (he would be so much overwhelmed -by grief that) he would not be able to lead the people in prayer. He (the Holy Prophet) said: You order Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer, and added: You are like the female companions of Yusuf. So Abu Bakr led the prayer (during this period of illness) in the life of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0844

8) IF SOMETHING HAPPENS IN PRAYER, MEN SHOULD GLORIFY ALLAH AND WOMEN SHOULD CLAP HANDS

1: Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said : Glorification of Allah is for men and clapping of hands is meant for women (if something happens in prayer). Harmala added in his narration that Ibn Shihab told him: I saw some of the scholars glorifying Allah and making a gesture. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0850

2; This hadith is transmitted by Muhammad b. Rafi’, Abu’I-Razzaq.Ma’mar, Hammam on the authority of Abu Huraira with the addition of (the word) “prayer”. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0852

9) COMMAND TO OBSERVE PRAYER WELL,PERFECTING IT, AND DEVOTION IN IT

1: Abu Huraira reported: one day the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) led the prayer. Then turning (towards his Companions) he said: 0 you, the man, why don’t you say your prayer well? Does the observer of prayer not see how he is performing the prayer for he performs it for himself ? By Allah, I see behind me as I see In front of me. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0853

2: Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Do you find me seeing towards the Qibla only? By Allah, your bowing and your prostrating are not hidden from my view. Verily I see them behind my back. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0854

10)IT IS FORBIDDEN TO BOW AND PROSTRATE AHEAD OF THE IMAM

1: Anas reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) one day led us in the prayer. and when he completed the Prayer he turned his face towards us and said : 0 People, I am your Imam, so do not precede me in bowing and prostration and in standing and turning (faces, i.e. In pronouncing salutation), for I see you in front of me and behind me, and then said : By Him in Whose hand Is the life of Muhammad, if you could see what I see, you would have laughed little and wept much more. They said : What did you see, Messenger of Allah? He replied: (I saw) Paradise and Hell. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0857

2: This hadith is narrated by Anas with another chain of transmitters, and in the hadith transmitted by Jarir there is no mention of “turning (faces)”. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0858

11) IT IS FORBIDDEN TO LIFT ONE’S EYES TOWARDS THE SKY IN PRAYER

1: Jabir b. Samura reported : The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said : The people who lift their eyes towards the sky in Prayer should avoid it or they would lose their eyesight. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0862

2: Abu Huraira reported: People should avoid lifting their eyes towards the sky while supplicating in prayer, otherwise their eyes would be snatched away. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0863

12) THE COMMAND TO OBSERVE PRAYER WITH TRANQUILLITYAND CALMNESS AND PROHIBITION OF MAKING GESTURES WITH HANDS AND LIFTING THEMWHILE PRONOUNCING SALUTATION, ANDTHE COMPLETING OF FIRST ROWSAND JOINING TOGETHER WELL IN THEM

1: Jabir b. Samura reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) came to us and said: How is it that I see you lifting your hands like the tails of headstrong horses? Be calm in prayer. He (the narrator) said: He then again came to us and saw us (sitting) in circles; he said: How is it that I see you in separate groups? He (the narrator) said: He again came to us and said: Why don’t you draw yourselves up in rows as angels do in the presence of their Lord? We said: Messenger of Allah, bow do the angels draw themselves up in rows in the presence of their Lord? He (the Holy Prophet) said: They make the first rows complete and keep close together in the row. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0864

2: This hadith has been narrated by A’mash with the same chain of transmitters. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0865

13) STRAIGHTENING OF ROWS AND THE EXCELLENCE OF THE FIRST ROW AND THEN OF THE SUBSEQUENT ROWS AND COMPETING AND VYING WITH ONE ANOTHER FOR THE FIRST ROW AND PRIORITY OF THE MEN OF VIRTUES AND THEIR NEARNESS TO THE IMAM

1: Abu Mas’ud reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace he upon him) used to touch our shoulders in prayer and say: Keep straight, don’t be irregular, for there would be dissension in your hearts. Let those of you who are sedate and prudent be near me, then those who are next to them, then those who are next to them. Abu Mas’ud said: Now-a-days there is much dissension amongst you. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0868

2: Hammam b. Munabbih reported: This is what was transmitted to us by Abu Huraira from the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and, while making a mention of a few a hadith, said: (The Messengerof Allah directed us thus): Establish rows in prayer, for the making of a row (straight) is one of the merits of prayer. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0873

14) MODERATION BETWEEN LOUD AND LOW RECITATION IN JAHRI PRAYER, WHEN THERE IS A FEAR OF TURMOIL IN RECITING LOUDLY

1: Ibn ‘Abbas reported: The word of (Allah) Great and Glorious: ‘And utter not thy prayer loudly, nor be low in it” (xvii. 110) was revealed as the Messenger of Allah (may peace beupon him) was hiding himself in Mecca. When he led his Companions in prayer he raised his voice (while reciting the) Qur’an. And when the polytheists heard that, they reviled the Qur’an and Him Who revealed it and him who brought it. Upon this Allah, the Exalted, said to His Apostle (may peace be upon him): Utter not thy prayer so loudly that the polytheists may hear thy recitation and (recite it) not so low that it may be inaudible to your Companions. Make them hear the Qur’an, but do not recite it loudly and seek a (middle) way between these. Recite between loud and low tone. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0897

2: ‘A’isha reported that so far as these words of (Allah) Glorious and High are concerned: “And utter not thy prayer loudly, not be low in it” (xvii. 110) relate to supplication (du’a’). KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0898

15) LISTENING TO THE RECITATION OF THE QUR’AN

1: Ibn ‘Abbas reported with regard to the words of Allah, Great and Glorious: “Move not thy tongue therewith” (Ixxv. 16) that when Gabriel brought revelation to Him (the Holy Prophet) he moved his tongue and lips (with a view to committing it to memory instantly). This was something hard for him and it was visible (from his face). Then Allah, the Exalted. revealed this a “Move not thy tongue therewith to make haste (in memorizing it). Surely on us rests the collecting of it and the reciting of it” (ixxv.16), i.e. Verily it rests with Us that We would preserve it in your heart and (enable you) to recite it You would recite it when We would recite it and so follow its recitation, and He (Allah) said: “We revealed it, so listen to it attentively. Verily its exposition rests with Us. i.e. We would make it deliver by your tongue.” So when Gabriel came to him (to the Holy Prophet), he kept silence, and when he went away he recited as Allah had promised him. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0900

16) RECITATION OF THE QUR’AN LOUDLY IN THE’ DAWN PRAYER

1: Ibn ‘Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) neither recited the Qur’an to the Jinn nor did he see them. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) went out with some of his Companions with the intention of going to the bazaar of ‘Ukaz And there had been (at that time) obstructions between satans and the news from the Heaven, and there were flung flames upon them. So satan went back to their people and they said: What has happened to you ? They said : There have been created obstructions between us and the news from the Heaven. And there have been flung upon us flames. They said: It cannot happen but for some (important) event. So traverse the eastern parts of the earth and the western parts and find out why is it that there have been created obstructions between us and the news from the Heaven. So they went forth and traversed the easts of the earth and its wests. Some of them proceeded towards Tihama and that is a nakhl towards the bazaar of ‘Ukaz and he (the Holy Prophet) was leading his Companions in the morning prayer. So when they heard the Qur’an. they listened to it attentively and said: It is this which has caused obstruction between us and news from the Heaven. They went back to their people and said: O our people, we have heard a strange Qur’an which directs us to the right path; so we affirm our faith in it and we would never associate anyone with our Lord. And Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, revealed to His Apostle Muhammad (may peace be upon him): “It has been revealed to me that a party of Jinn listened to it” (Qur’an, lxxii. 1). KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0902

17) RECITATION IN THE NOON AND AFTERNOON PRAYERS

1: Abu Qatada reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) led us in prayer and recited in the first two rak’ahs of the noon and afternoon prayers Surat al-Fitiha and two (other) surahs. And he would sometimes recite loud enough for us the verses. He would prolong the first rak’ah more than the second. And he acted similarly in the morning prayer. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0908

2: Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported: The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to recite in every rak’ah of the first two rak’ahs of the noon prayer about thirty verses and in the last two about fifteen verses or half (of the first rak’ah) and in every rak’ah of the ‘Asr prayer of the first two rak’ahs about fifteen verses and in the last two verses half (of the first ones). KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0911

18) RECITATION IN THE MORNING PRAYER

1: Abdullah b. Sa’id reported: The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) led us in the morning prayer in Mecca and began Sarat al-Mu’minin (xxiii ) but when he came to the mention of Moses and Aaron (verse. 45) or to the mention of Jesus (verse 50), a cough got the better of him, and he bowed. ‘Abdullah b. Sa’ib was present there, and in the hadith narrated by Abd al-Razzaq (the words are): He cut short (the recitation) and bowed. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0918

2: Simak asked Jabir b. Samura about the prayer of the Apostle (may peace be upon him). He said: He (the Holy Prophet) shortened the prayer and he did not pray like these people then, and he informed me that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to recite “Qaf. By the (Glorious) Qur’an,” and a passage of similar length. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0918

19) RECITATION IN THE NIGHT PRAYER

1: ‘Adi reported: I heard al-Bara’ narrating it from the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) that while in a journey he said the night prayer and recited in one of the two rak’ahs: “By the Fig and the Olive” KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0933

2: Al-Bara’ b. ‘Azib reported: I heard the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) reciting in the night prayer: “By the Fig and the Olive,” and I have never heard anyone with a sweeter voice than he. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM)  0935

20) THE DUTY OF THE IMAM IS TO BE BRIEF AND PERFECT IN PRAYER

1: Abu Mas’ud al-Ainsari reported: A person came to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and said: I keep away from the morning prayer on account of such and such (a man), because; he keeps us so long. I never saw God’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) more angry when giving an exhortation than he was that day. He said: 0 people, some of you are scaring people away. So whoever of you leads the people in prayer he must be brief, for behind him are the weak, the aged, and the people who have (argent) business to attend. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0940

2: Abu Huraira reported: The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: When any one of you leads the people in prayer, he should be brief for among them are the young and the aged, the weak and the sick. But when one of you prays by himself, he may (prolong) as he likes. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0942

3: Anas reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was among those whose prayers was brief and perfect. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0949

21) ARTICLES MODERATION, SHORTENING AND PERFECTION

1: Al-Bara’ b. ‘Azib reported: I noticed the prayer of Muhammad (may peace be upon him) and saw his Qiyam (standing), his bowing, and then going back to the standing posture after bowing, his prostration, his sitting between the two prostrations, and his prostration and sitting between salutation and going away, all these were nearly equal to one another. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0953

2: Thabit reported it on the authority of Anas: I have never said such a light and perfect prayer as I said behind the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). The prayer of the Messenger. of Allah (may peace be upon him) was well balanced. And so too was the prayer of Abu Bakr well balanced. When it was the time of ‘Umar b. al-Khattab he prolonged the morning prayer. When the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Allah listened to him who praised Him, he stood erect till we said: He has forgotten. He then prostrated and sat between two prostration till we said: He has forgotten. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0957

22) FOLLOWING THE IMAM AND ACTING AFTER HIM

1: Al-Bara’ (b. ‘Azib), and he was no liar (but a truthful Companion of the Holy Prophet), reported: They used to say prayer behind the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). I never saw anyone bending his back at the time when he (the Holy Prophet) raised his head, till the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) placed his forehead on the ground. They then fell in prostration after him. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0958

2: Al-Bara’ reported: When we were (in prayer) with the Messenger of Allah Allah (may peace be upon him) none of us benfft his back till we saw he prostrated. Zuhair and others reported: “till we saw him prostrating”. KITAB AL-SALAT  (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0961

23) WHAT IS TO BE RECITED IN BOWING AND PROSTRATION

1: Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: The nearest a servant comes to his Lord is when he is prostrating himself, so make supplication (in this state). KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0979

2: Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to say while prostrating himself: O Lord, forgive me all my sins, small and great, first and last, open and secret. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0980

24) THE EXCELLENCE OF PROSTRATION AND EXHORTATION TO OBSERVE IT

1: Ma’dan b. Talha reported: I met Thauban, the freed slave. of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), and asked him to tell me about an act for which, if I do it, Allah will admit me to Paradise, or I asked about the act which was loved most by Allah. He gave no reply. I again asked and he gave no reply. I asked him for the third time, and he said: I asked Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) about that and he said: Make frequent prostrations before Allah, for you will not make one prostration without raising you a degree because of it, and removing a sin from you, because of it. Ma’dan said that then lie met Abu al-Darda’ and when he asked him, he received a reply similar to that given by Thauban. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0989

2: Rabi’a b. Ka’b said: I was with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) one night. and I brought him water and what he required. He said to me: Ask (anything you like). I said: I ask your company in Paradise. He (the Holy Prophet) said: Or anything else besides it. I said: That is all (what I require). He said: Then help me to achieve this for you by deyoting yourself often to prostration. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0990

25) HOW THE LIMBS SHOULD WORK IN PROSTRATION AND FORBIDDANCE TO FOLD CLOTHING AND HAIR AND PLAITING OF HAIR IN THE PRAYER

1: Ibn ‘Abbas reported: The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) had been commanded that he should prostrate on the seven (bones) and he was forbidden to fold back the hair and clothing. And in the narration transmitted by Abu Rabi’ (the words are): “on the seven bones and I was forbidden to fold back the hair and clothing”. According to Abu’l-Rabi’ (the seven bones are): The hands, the knees, and the (extremities) of the feet and the forehead. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0991

2: Ibn ‘Abbas reported from the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him): I was commanded to prostrate myself on seven bones and not to fold back clothing or hair. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0992

3: Ibn Abbas reported that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: I have been commanded to prostrate myself on seven bones: “forehead,” and then pointed with his hand towards his nose, hands, feet, and the extremities of the feet; and we were forbidden to fold back clothing and hair. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0994

26) MODERATION IN PROSTRATION, PLACING THE PALMS ON THE EARTH (GROUND) AND KEEPING AWAY ELBOWS FROM THE SIDES AND THE BELLY FROM THE THIGHS WHILE PROSTRATING

1: Anas reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Observe moderation in prostration, and let none of you stretch out his forearms (on the ground) like a dog. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 0997

2: This hadith has been narrated by Ja’far b. Rabi’ with the same chain of transmitters. And in the narration transmitted by ‘Amr b. al-Harith (the words are): “When the Messenger of Allah (rtiay peace be upon him) prostrated, he spread out his arms so that the whiteness of his armpits was visible.” And in the narration transmitted by al-Laith (the words are : “When the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) prostrated. he spread his hands from the armpits so that I saw their whiteness.” KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1001

3: Maimuna reported: When the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) prostrated himself, if a lamb wanted to pass between his arms, it could pass. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1004

27) THE EXCELLENCE OF THE PRAYER AND THE WAY IT IS BEGUN AND THE EXCELLENCE OF RUKU’ AND MODERATION IN IT, AND PROSTRATION AND MODERATION IN IT.

1:’A’isha reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to begin prayer with takbir (saying Allih-o-Akbar) and the recitation: “Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Universe.” When he bowed he neither kept his head up nor bent it down, but kept it between these extremes; when he raised his bead after bow- ing he did not prostrate himself till he had stood erect; when he raised his head after prostration he did not prostrate himself again till he satup. At the end of every two rak’ahs he recited the tahiyya; and he used to place his left foot flat (on the ground) and raise up the right; he prohibited the devil’s way of sitting on the heels, and he forbade people to spread out their arms like a wild beast. And he used to finish the prayer with the taslim. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1005

28) SUTRA FOR PRAYER

1: Musa b. Talha reported it on the authority of his father: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: When one of you places in front of him so me. thing such as the back of a saddle, he should pray without caring who passes on the other side of it. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1006

2: Musa b. Talha reported on the authority of his father: We used to say prayer and the animals moved in front of us. We mentioned it to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and he said: If anything equal to the back of a saddle is in front of you, then what walks in front, no harm would come to him. Ibn Numair said: No harm would come whosoever walks in front. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1007

3: ‘A’isha reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was asked about sutra of a worshipper; he said: Equal to the back of the saddle. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1008

4: Ibn ‘Umar said: The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to place his camel (towards the Ka’ba) and said prayer in its direction. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1012

5: Abu Juhaifa reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) went at noon towards al-Batha’, he performed ablution, and said two rak’ahs of the Zuhr prayer and two of the ‘Asr prayer, and there was a spear in front of him. Shu’ba said and Aun made this addition to it on the authority of his father Abu Juhaifa: And the woman and the donkey passed behind it. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1017

29) PRAYER IN A SINGLE GARMENT

1: Abu Huraira reported: An inquirer asked the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) about the prayer in a single garment. He (the Holy Prophet) add: Has everyone of you two garments? KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1043

2: Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: None of you must pray in a single garment of which no part comes over his shoulders. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1046

3: Umar b. Abu Salama reported: I saw the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) praying in Umm Salama’s house in a single garment, placing its two ends over his shoulders. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1047

30) MOSQUES AND THE PLACE OF WORSHIP

1: Abu Dharr reported: I said: Messenger of Allah, which mosque was set up first on the earth? He said: Al-Masjid al-Haram (the sacred). I (again) said: Then which next? He said: It was the Masjid Aqsa.I (again) said: How long the space of time (between their setting up)? He (the Holy Prophet) said: It was forty years. And whenever the time comes for prayer, pray there, for that is a mosque; and in the hadith transmitted by Abu Kamil (the words are): “Whenever time comes for prayer, pray, for that is a mosque (for you).” KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1056

2: Ibrahim b. Yazid al-Tayml reported: I used to read the Qur’an with my father in the vestibule (before the door of the mosque). When I recited the ayat (verses) concerning prostration, he prostrated himself. I said to him: Father, do you prostrate yourself in the path? He said: I heard Abu Dharr saying: I asked the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) about the mosque that was first set up on the earth. He said: Masjid Harim. I said: Then which next? He said: The Masjid al-Aqsa. I said: How long is the space of time between the two? He said: Forty years. He (then) further said: The earth is a mosque for you, so wherever you are at the time of prayer, pray there. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1057

31) CHANGE OF QIBLA FROM BAIT-UL-MAQDIS TO KA’BA

1: Al-Bara’ b. ‘Azib reported: I said prayer with the Apostle (may peace be upon him) turning towards Bait-ul-Maqdis for sixteen months till this verse of Surah Baqara wis revealed: “And wherever you are turn your faces towards it” (ii. 144). This verse was revealed when the Apostle (may peace be upon him) had said prayer. A person amongst his people passed by the people of Ansar as they were engaged in prayer. He narrated to them (this command of Allah) and they turned their faces towards the Ka’ba. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1071

2: Abu Ishaq reported: I heard al-Bara’ saying: We prayed with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) (with our faces) towards Bait-ul-Maqdis for sixteen months or seventeen months. Then we were made to change (our direction) towards the Ka’ba. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1072

32) CONCERNING THE COMMAND OF PLACING ONE’S HANDS ON THE KNEES WHILE IN RUKU’AND ABROGATION OF AL-TATBIQ

1: Mus’ab b. Sa’d reported: I said prayer by the side of my father and placed my hands between my knees. My father said to me: Place your hands on your knees. I repeated that (the previous act) for the second time, and he struck at my hands and said: We have been forbidden to do so and have been commanded to place our palms on the knees. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1089

2: Mus’ab b. Sa’d b. Abu Waqqas reported: I said prayer by the side of my father. When I bowed I intertwined my fingers and placed them between my knees. He struck my hands. When he completed the prayer he said: We used to do that but then were commanded to lift (our palms) to the knees. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1092

33) SITTING ON THE BACKSIDE

1: Tawus reported: We asked Ibn Abbas about sitting on one’s buttocks (in prayer). (ala alqad mein)He said: It is sunnah. We said to him: We find it a sort of cruelty to the foot. Ibn ‘Abbas said: It is the sunnah of your Apostle (may peace be upon him). KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1093

34)FORBIDDANCE OF TALKING IN PRAYER AND ABROGATION OF WHAT WAS PERMISSIBLE

1: Abdullah (b. Masu’d) reported: We used to greet the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) while he was engaged in prayer and he would respond to our greeting. But when we returned from the Negus we greeted him and he did not respond to us; so we said: Messenger of Allah. we used to greet you when you were engaged in prayer and you would respond to us. He replied: Prayer demands whole attention. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1096

35)IT’IS ALLOWABLE TO CURSE SATAN DURING PRAYER AND SEEK THE PROTECTION (OF THE LORD) AND MINOR ACTS (OF COMMISSION) IN PRAYER

1: Abu Huraira reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) saying: A highly wicked one amongst the Jinn escaped yesternight to interrupt my prayer, but Allah gave me power over him, so I seized him and intended to tie him to one of the pillars of the mosque in order that you, all together or all, might look at him, but I remembered the supplication of my brother Sulaiman: “My Lord, forgive me, give me such a kingdom as will not be possible for anyone after me” (Qur’an, xxxvii. 35). KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1104

2: This hadith has been transmitted by Ibn Abi Shaiba. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1105

36)PERMISSIBILITY OF CARRYING CHILDREN IN PRAYER

1: Abu Qatadi reported: I saw the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) saying the prayer while he was carrying Umama, daughter of Zainab, daughter of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). and Abu’l-‘As b. al-Rabi’. When he stood up, he took her up and when he prostrated he put her down, Yahya said: Malik replied in the affirmative. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1107

2: Abu Qatada reported: I saw the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) leading the people in prayer with Umama daughter of Abu’l-‘As on his neck; and when he prostrated he put her down. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1109

37)IT IS NOT ADVISABLE TO SAY PRAYER WHILE KEEPING ONE’S HAND ON ONE’S WAIST

1: Abu Huraira reported from the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) that he forbade keeping one’s hand on one’s waist while praying, and in the narration of Abu Bakr (the words are): The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) forbade to do so. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1113

38)IT IS NOT ADVISABLE TO PRAY WEARING A CLOTH WHICH HAS DESIGNS OR MARKINGS OVER IT

1: ‘A’isha reported: The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) prayed in a garment which had designs over it, so he (the Holy Prophet) said: Take it to Abu Jahm and bring me a plain blanket from him, because its designs have distracted me. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1131

2: ‘A’isha reported: The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) had a garment which had designs upon it and this distracted him in prayer. He gave it to Abu Jahm and took a plain garment in its place which is known anbijaniya. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1133

39)HOW JALSA IS TO BE OBSERVED

1:Abdullah b. Zubair narrated on the authority of his father: When the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) sat in prayer. he placed the left foot between his thigh and shank and stretched the right foot and placed his left hand or his left knee and placed his right hand on his right thigh, and raised his finger. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1201

2:’Abdullah b. Zubair narrated on the authority of his father that when the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) sat for supplication, i.e. tashahhud (blessing and supplication), he placed his right hand on his right thigh and his left hand on his left thigh, and pointed with his forefinger , and placed his thumb on his (milddle) finger, and covered his knee with the palm of his left hand. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1202

40)TASLIM AT THE COMPLETION OF THE PRAYER

1: Abu Ma’mar reported: There was an Amir in Mecca who pronounced taslim twice. Abdullah said: Where did he get this sunnah? Al-Hakam said: There is a hadith to the effect that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) did like It. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1206

2: ‘Amir b. Sa’d reported: I saw the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) pronouncing taslim on his right and on his left till I saw the whiteness of his cheek. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1208

41)DHIKR AFTER THE PRAYER

1: Ibn ‘Abbas said: We used to know that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) had finished his prayer when we heard the takbir (Allah-O-Akbar). KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1209

2: Ibn ‘Abbas reported: We knew the finishing of the prayer of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) through takbir. ‘Amr (b. Dinar) said: I made a mention of it to Abu Mas’ud. hue he rejected it and said: I never narrated it to you. ‘Amr said: He did narrate it before this. KITAB AL-SALAT (SAHIH MUSLIM) 1210

JAZAK ALLAH

And one of [God’s] signs is that He has created for
you mates from yourselves, that you may dwell in
tranquility with them, and has ordained between
you Love and Mercy.

AL-ROUM (SURA 30:21)

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